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Niju Kun
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Gichin Funakoshi laid out the Twenty Precepts of Karate,(or Niju kun) which form the foundations of the art. The principles allude to notions of humility, respect, compassion, patience, and both an inward and outward calmness. It was Funakoshi's belief that through karate practice and observation of these 20 principles, the karateka would improve their person. Funakoshi also wrote: "The ultimate aim of Karate lies not in victory or defeat, but in the perfection of the character of the participant." 



1. Karate-do begins and ends with bowing.
     Karate-do wa rei ni hajimari rei ni owaru koto a wasaru na
2. There is no first strike in karate.
     Karate ni sente nashi
3. Karate stands on the side of justice.
    Karate wa, gi no taske
4. First know yourself, then know others.
    Mazu onore o shire, shikashite ta o shire
5. Mentality over technique.
    Gijitsu yori shinjitsu
6. The heart must be set free.
    Kokoro wa hanatan koto o yosu
7. Calamity springs from carelessness.
    Wazawai wa ketai ni seizu
8. Karate goes beyond the dojo.
    Dojo nomino karate to omou na
9. Karate is a lifelong pursuit.
    Karate-do no shugyo wa isssho de aru
10. Apply the way of karate to all things. Therein lies its beauty.
    Ara yuru mono o karateka seyo; sokoni myomi ari
11. Karate is like boiling water; without heat, it returns to its tepid state.
    Karate Wa Yu No Gotoku Taezu Netsu O Atae Zareba Motono Mizuni Kaeru
12. Do not think of winning. Think, rather, of not losing.
    Katsu kangae wa motsuna; makenu kangae wa hitsuyo
13. Make adjustments according to your opponent.
    Tekki ni yotte tenka seyo
14. The outcome of a battle depends on how one handles emptiness and fullness (weakness and strength).
    Tattakai wa kyo-jitsu no soju ikan ni ari
15. Think of hands and feet as swords.
    Hi to no te-ashi wa ken to omoe
16. When you step beyond your own gate, you face a million enemies.
    Danshi mon o izureba hyakuman no teki ari
17. Formal stances are for beginners; later, one stands naturally.
    Kamae wa shoshinsha ni atowa shizentai
18. Perform prescribed sets of techniques exactly; actual combat is another matter.
   Kata wa tadashiku, jisen wa betsumono
19. Do not forget the employment of withdrawal of power, the extension or contraction of the body, the swift or leisurely application of technique.
   Chikara no kyojaku tai no shinshuku waza no kankyu
20. Be constantly mindful, diligent, and resourceful, in your pursuit of the Way.
   Tsune ni shinen ku fu seyo




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